By Hans N. Lechner. 7", Northeastern Caribbean Hurricane Lenny Fact Sheet #1, FY 2000, "Eastern Caribbean: Hurricane Lenny Information Bulletin No. Strong winds damaged the roofs of many houses in eastern St. Croix and knocked down trees and power lines.  During its passage, Lenny left widespread damage to the infrastructure, including to the airport, harbor, resorts, power utilities, schools, and hospitals. Sustained winds on the island peaked at 84 mph (135 km/h) at the Princess Juliana International Airport; these were the highest sustained winds observed on land. It was the twelfth tropical storm, eighth hurricane, and record-breaking fifth Category 4 hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season.Lenny formed on November 13 in the western Caribbean Sea and maintained an unprecedented west-to-east track for its entire duration. The Passing of Hurricane Lenny.  The hurricane destroyed 46 homes and damaged 332 others to varying degree. One, it was strongest November Atlantic hurricane; two, the damage it caused in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and three, it moved the opposite way storms usually moved across the Caribbean Sea.  This made it the second-strongest hurricane on record to form during the month of November. As an undergraduate at Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas, Texas, Henley studied acting and this training has remained important to her since her transition to play writing. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE Published November 14, 1999  For much of its existence, the tropical cyclone maintained a track from west to east across the Caribbean Sea, which was unprecedented in the Atlantic hurricane database.  Beginning on November 17, Lenny affected Puerto Rico with gusty winds and heavy rainfall. Despite the hurricane's passage near Saint Croix at peak intensity, damage on the small island was only described as "moderate", although there was widespread flooding and erosion. In addition, a dropsonde recorded winds of 210 mph (339 km/h) while descending to the surface, the highest dropsonde wind speed recording in a hurricane at the time. Hurricane Lenny struck at a particularly unfortunate time for Grenada.  Home damage forced four families to evacuate.  At 0000 UTC on November 15, Lenny attained hurricane status about 175 mi (280 km) southwest of Kingston, Jamaica. Hurricane Lenny is the second-strongest November Atlantic hurricane on record.  Shortly thereafter, Lenny attained peak winds of 155 mph (250 km/h) while passing 21 mi (33 km) south of the island of Saint Croix in the United States Virgin Islands.  The hurricane continued to become better organized, with an eye 29 mi (46 km) in diameter surrounded by a closed eyewall. , In western Grenada, high waves affected much of the coastline, destroying 21 small boats and causing significant beach erosion. Hurricane Lenny has increased in strength, now packing winds of 140-miles-per-hour, and is headed towards the US Virgin Islands. This hurricane had a major impact on numerous land areas in the Caribbean Sea. , Early in its existence, Lenny produced large waves and high tides along the Guajira Peninsula in Colombia, sinking two boats and flooding 1,200 houses. , From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Lenny near its peak intensity as a strong Category 4 hurricane, Map plotting the track and intensity of the storm according to the, Property damage on the island of Saint Croix, File:FEMA - 670 - Photograph by FEMA News Photo taken on 11-23-1999 in US Virgin Islands.jpg, Tropical Depression Sixteen Discussion One, Tropical Depression Sixteen Discussion Two, Tropical Storm Lenny Special Discussion Five, Preliminary Storm Report on Hurricane Lenny November 16–19 1999, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", Tropical Storm Lenny Discussion Twenty-Six, Tropical Storm Lenny Discussion Twenty-Seven, Tropical Storm Lenny Discussion Twenty-Eight, Tropical Depression Lenny Discussion Thirty-Two, "One death blamed on Hurricane Lenny; still threatens Caribbean", "Hurricane Lenny Gains Strength, Threatens Islands", "Late hurricane threatens Haiti, Puerto Rico", "NEAC Chairman Looks at Impact of Recent Hurricanes on the BVI", "FEMA Mobilizes in Response to Hurricane Lenny", "Hurricane Lenny heads for Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands", "CDERA Situation Report # 2 - Hurricane Lenny", "Hurricane Lenny Recovery in the Eastern Caribbean", "Paleotsunami Evidences from Boulder Deposits on Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire", Hurricanes and Tropical Storms in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, Storm Data and Unusual Weather Phenomena with Late Reports and Corrections, "Impact of Hurricanes on the BVI Economy", "Post Impact Report #1 - Hurricane Lenny", "Late Hurricanes: a Message for the Region", Resolution on Hurricane Lenny – St Martin – West Indies, "Hurricane Lenny causes havoc in Caribbean", "Eastern Caribbean: Hurricane Lenny Information Bulletin No. Hurricane Lenny 1999.  In Puerto Rico, the media maintained continuous coverage on the hurricane based on statements and warnings from the San Juan National Weather Service office.  Late on November 19, Lenny weakened to tropical storm intensity after increased wind shear exposed the cyclone's center from the deepest convection.  The NHC noted the deterioration could have been due to a disruption of the storm's small inner core by "subtle environmental changes". Thunderstorms spread across the region, producing heavy rainfall in portions of Mexico and Central America. And, let's all not forget about the 2060 Atlantic Hurricane Season.  Damage from Lenny amounted to $65.8 million. Hurricane Lenny was the last major hurricane, hurricane, named storm and depression of the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season. On the Dutch side of the island, rainfall peaked at 27.56 in (700 mm) in Philipsburg.  Across the eastern Caribbean, local Red Cross offices provided food and shelter to affected citizens. This very unusual eastward-tracking and late-season storm developed in the Caribbean sea in mid-November reaching a Category 4 by November 17-19 when it stalled within the Leeward Islands in the Anguilla-St.Marteen area. The Virgin Islands National Park in St. John reported over $1.6 million in damage (1999 USD).  Rainfall of around 3 in (76 mm) reached as far south as Martinique, where one person was killed.  The quick intensification was unexpected and occurred after a large area of convection blossomed over the center. The hurricane is also expected fo spawn isolated tornadoes. 2001 . After continued weakening, the hurricane struck Anguilla and Saint Barthélemy the next day.  In Montserrat, damage was reported along its western coastline. Direct… In preparation for landfall, a FEMA team was deployed to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, bringing 6,000 rolls of roofing-quality plastic sheeting, 112 generators, and 90,000 gallons of water.  Localized flooding was reported, including in the capital, The Valley, where waters reportedly reached a depth of 14 ft (4.3 m). 2", Tropical Cyclones Affecting Trinidad and Tobago 1725-2000, "Toegankelijk vanaf de volgende stranden", "Disaster Aid Ordered for Virgin Islands Hurricane Recovery", "Virgin Islanders Receive More Than A Half-Million Dollars In Federal Assistance", "Post Impact Report #2 - Hurricane Lenny", "Hurricane Lenny OCHA Situation Report No. Rains in the Dominican Republic caused flooding in the country's southwest portion. When it was first upgraded to a tropical storm, the cyclone already had winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) and a developing eye feature. Rainfall peaked at 10.47 in (266 mm), which caused widespread flooding of many properties in the island's western portion. Significant storm damage occurred as far south as Grenada, where high surf isolated towns from the capital city. On the island, the hurricane killed three people and destroyed more than 200 properties.  The government of Dominica provided 42 families with temporary shelters. The data indicated the developme… Based on the coverage, the public was well informed of the hurricane's threat to the island.